What is AV Over IP?

AV over IP stands for “Audio-Visual over Internet Protocol”. Essentially, it is the transmission of audio-visual data over a network such as a LAN, WAN, or the internet. As opposed to traditional AV environments, AV over IP (also known as AV/IP) refers to the use of standard network equipment to transmit and switch video and audio.

Similarities between traditional AV and AV over IP setups

At the base, the elements in AV environments stay the same. Traditional AV infrastructures are mainly concerned with the extension and switching of audio and video assets. The goal of an AV facility is to provide users the ability to see and/or hear their video and sound sources on their viewing stations and on their sound systems or speakers. To do this, sources need to be captured, moved, switched, and displayed. The user interface to change sources can be push buttons on hardware equipment, all the way to digital interfaces on computer-based technologies.

In both AV setups, the elements are very similar. In AV over IP, the “A/V Transmitters” become “Encoders”, “A/V Receivers” become “Decoders”, and the “A/V Switcher” (also known as video matrix switcher) becomes a standard “IP Switch” just like what your computers connect to at the office.